The design is noted for its distinctive, flowing lines and lack of sharp angles. Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the commission following a competition in On the practice's website , it explains the motivation behind the design: "The Center This curved beauty in Brazil's Brasilia is just as striking inside as outside with its beautiful stained glass and crown-like structure. They rejected the trend for cube-like design favoured by their peers and celebrated the majesty of the curve.
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The kaleidoscope effect of the crystaline shell deploys light and colour that plays with your senses when you enter the building. It's a shimmering sculpture, sitting on the shoreline linking sky and sea. The Milwaukee Art Museum is an architectural landmark, comprised of three buildings.
Less a famous building and more a series of famous buildings — , to be precise, constructed between AD to AD — the Forbidden City was home to Emperors from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty, making it the political centre of China for half a millennium. The former imperial palace is now home to the Palace Museum, and was declared a World Heritage Site in The Forbidden City is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world, and has seen an average of 16 million visitors every year since — that's an average of 40, visitors per day.
The deconstructivist — or new-baroque — architecture forms an unusual dancing shape thanks to 99 concrete panels, each a different shape and dimension. Photo by Ruud Zwart. This mosque in Mali is one of the most famous buildings in Africa. It is thought that a mosque has existed on this site since the s, and the current structure was rebuilt in Whether or not the mosque's current structure was influenced by French architecture Mali became independent from France in has been subject to debate.
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The building is made of earth bricks that have been dried in the sun, mortar made of sand and earth bricks, and a plaster that gives it its smooth surface. The mosque is so important in Mali that it features on the country's coat of arms. It has nine sides, nine doors, and can accommodate 2, people. Its surface is made of white marble from Mount Pentelicus in Greece, the same marble used to build the Parthenon.
Since its completion in it has become one of the most visited buildings in the world, attracting over million people. Himeji Castle is particularly beautiful when the cherry blossoms are out.
Image: Lukas on Wikimedia Commons. Himeji Castle is a spectacular Japanese castle located near Kyoto. It's over years old and hasn't been damaged by war or any natural disasters, and is made up of over 80 buildings, which are all connected together by gates and winding paths. This building is a marvel in itself, and is often called White Egret or White Heron Castle because of its white elegant exterior.
It's also said to resemble a bird taking flight.source link
Philosophy of Architecture
Cologne Cathedral is a High Gothic five-aisled basilica, the construction of which began in and stopped in , before the building was complete. Work did not resume until the s, and it was finally finished in Later work follows the original medieval plan faithfully. It is renowned as a Gothic masterpiece and houses many works of art as well as the Shrine of the Three Kings, which is traditionally believed to hold the remains of the Three Kings.
A masterpiece of Islamic architecture, the Dome of the Rock is a 7th century building, located in Jerusalem. Built by Caliph Abd al-Malik between and , the octagonal plan and the rotunda dome of wood are of Byzantine design. The Persian tiles on the exterior were added by Suleiman I in ; the interior decoration was added to later with marble, mosaic and faience. The oldest extant Islamic monument, the Dome of the Rock has served as a model for architecture and other artistic endeavors for over a millennium. His unique approach to the Art Nouveau movement generated some of the most creative buildings the world have ever seen.
And La Pedrera is no exception. One of the most imaginative houses in the history of architecture, this is more sculpture than building. Sitting at the top of Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London, its famous dome is one of the world's largest, measuring nearly metres high. The original church on the site was founded in the year AD. Work on the present English Baroque church began in the 17th Century by Christopher Wren as part of a major rebuilding program after the Great Fire of London.
Wren started working on St Paul's in , his designs for the cathedral taking nine years to complete and the actual construction taking a further 35 years. St Paul's has played an integral part of London life ever since — as a domineering element in the city's skyline, as a centre for tourism and religious worship, and most recently as a focal point for anticapitalist protests.
Standing at The buildings, which held the title of tallest in the world between , are an iconic landmark of the capital city. Image: Matt Wade. Irish architect James Hoban was the man behind the design of the White House. In Hoban submitted a plan for the presidential mansion and subsequently got the commission to build the White House. Construction began in and was completed in The mansion, which has been home to every US leader since the country's second president John Adams, is made from white-painted Aquia sandstone.
Due to restoration work carried out in , the tower currently leans at just under 4 degrees. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most remarkable architectural structures in Europe. Most famous for its tilt, the tower began to lean during construction after soft ground on one side was unable to properly support the structure's weight. Building work on the tower began in and went on for over a whopping years.
There has been much controversy surrounding the true identity of the architect behind the tower — the design was originally attributed to artist Bonnano Pisano but studies have also implicated architect Diotisalvi. A most sacred place in Islam, the Kabba is elegantly draped in a silk and cotton veil. Reinforced concrete as a structural material; transformed sections; design for bending, shear, and serviceability; design of one-way slabs and columns. Study of the control of thermal, luminous, and sonic environments with an emphasis on passive means of controls.
Specific topics include: thermal comfort and behavioral implications; fundamentals of thermal behavior of buildings; the principles of heat and moisture in buildings; lighting fundamentals; light sources; effects of lighting on comfort and performance; energy economy and sustainability; acoustic fundamentals; room acoustics; noise control; basic electrical, plumbing, vertical transportation, and life safety systems.
Using a series of case-studies and project-based assignments, students learn about the various structural systems and construction methods used in the design of buildings. The evolution and state-of-the-art in structure and construction strategies will be discussed to provide requisite breadth and depth.
Topics covered include: structural and building codes; structural systems and their layout planning; foundation systems; construction methods and technologies in wood, steel, concrete, and masonry; sustainability considerations; detailing; and digital modeling. Provides information and skills necessary for the designer to deliver dry, durable and healthful buildings.
First half covers theory, including heat transfer, psychrometrics, steady-state diffusion and conduction analysis, and transient analysis. Second half covers building applications: roofs, walls, windows, foundations, and mechanical systems. Analysis and design of steel and timber structures for buildings. Steel columns, beams, trusses, connections, roof and floor framing systems; timber beams, columns, roof and floor framing systems.
Concrete materials; behavior of reinforced concrete construction; behavior and design of structural elements, one-way slabs, beams, and girders; columns; ACI code requirements; and introduction to continuity in reinforced concrete structures. Course Information:4 undergraduate hours.
The Construction of Drawings and Movies_Models for Architectural Design and Analysis
Interdisciplinary opportunity to focus on, study, and record the design and planning of cities and rural settlements in other cultures. Through directed study and participation in the intellectual environment of a foreign university, students analyze unfamiliar settings, developing insights to enrich their professional development.
- Course subject: Architecture (ARCH);
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May be repeated in separate terms to a maximum of 8 hours. Modern and historic city forms and rural practices are analyzed while experiencing the realities of daily life traveling in another culture. Journals include drawings and writings that record buildings, environs, and landscapes. This course is designed to enrich the professional development of students in a study abroad location. Students participate in thematic workshops, seminars, lectures and field trips focused on understanding and analyzing architectural and urbanistic landmarks and settings on site through both directed and independent assignments.
May be repeated in separate terms up to 6 hours. Prerequisite: Senior standing in the School of Architecture. Basic architectural design methods, fundamentals, principles and concepts including creative problem solving in two- and three-dimensions. Intermediate architectural design methods, fundamentals, principles and concepts focusing on buildings in landscape and urban contexts.
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Schematic design and development of a small-scale public building emphasizing the integration of the basic elements of building: materials, details, structure, technology, program, life safety, and universal design. Building design that emphasizes the creative process of making, experimentation, and theories of contemporary methods and materials. Projects focus on translating design ideas at multiple scales into reality through computation, representation, or production, utilizing fabrication processes. Outcomes foreground entrepreneurial design thinking and team-based learning. Schematic design and development of a small-scale public building emphasizing the integration of the basic elements of building; materials, details, structure, technology, program, life safety, and universal design.
Exploration of boundaries of architecture and the built environment. Focused exploration into specific design topics, such as issue-oriented building problems, urban design theory, intermediate building design and site planning theory, human-environment relationship theory, interdisciplinary design, and architectural design and presentation methods. The first in a series of four introductory courses exploring the theoretical and practical foundations architecture and the built environment. No undergraduate credit.